Nicolas Babault

  • Associate Professor
  • 03 80 39 67 43
  • Room N°103
  • Centre d'Expertise de la Performance
    Université de Bourgogne
    Faculté des Sciences du Sport (UFR Staps)
    BP 27877
    21078 Dijon


Physiology of the neuromuscular system and biomechanics related to exercise and more particularly physical training in competitive athletes

2002 PhD at the University of Burgundy
2014 Habilitation to be research director

My research areas are related to muscle exercise and more generally speaking muscle training shile considering the physiology of the neuromuscular system. Different projects are conducted:

  • The acute effects of stretching on muscle-tendon architecture or on the neuromuscular system (form the cortex to the muscle). Different stretching modalities are investigated.
  • Electromyostimulation as a training modality or for recovery. Electromyostimulation is also investigated as a tool to diagnose patient in intensive care units or for physiotherapy.
  • Performance determinants in different sports (rugby, soccer, equestrian, cycling…) and explore the effects of concurrent strength and aerobic training on physical performance or neuromuscular adaptations (even while considering biological adaptations).

Other researches are developped in relation with industries for R&D: nutrition supplementation (protein, polyphenols…), shoes, exoskeleton, tissue, augmented reality…

Training sciences – Physical training – Athletes evaluation – Statistics



1st year of the master degree “training and sport performance optimization”

Co-director of the technological plateform “Centre d’Expertise de la Performance” (CEP)

Associated editor for: Frontiers in Physiology, Brazilian journal of Physical Therapy, Sports MDPI


Collaborations internationales

Joao L Durigan (University of Brasilia, Brazil)

Anthony J. Blazevich (Edith Cowan University, Australia)

Giuseppe Cimadoro (St Mary’s University, UK)


Scientific articles in international or national peer-reviewed journals

Amiez N, Cometti C, Babault N, Paizis C, Mouillon É, et al. (2021) Effects of Balance Shoes on Balance and Postural Stability in the Elderly: A Crossover, Controlled, Randomized Single-Blind Study. Healthcare (Basel) 9(2):179. (IF : 3,04)
Babault N, Noureddine A, Amiez N, Guillemet D, Cometti C(2021) Acute Effects of Salvia Supplementation on Cognitive Function in Athletes During a Fatiguing Cycling Exercise: A Randomized Cross-Over, Placebo-Controlled, and Double-Blind Study. Frontiers in Nutrition 8:771518. (IF : 6,58)
Babault N, Rodot G, Champelovier M, Cometti C (2021) A Survey on Stretching Practices in Women and Men from Various Sports or Physical Activity Programs. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18(8). (IF : 2,85)
Cavalcante JGT, Marqueti RD, Geremia JM, Neto IVD, Baroni BM, Silbernagel KG, Bottaro M, Babault N, Durigan JLQ (2021) The Effect of Quadriceps Muscle Length on Maximum Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation Evoked Contraction, Muscle Architecture, and Tendon-Aponeurosis Stiffness. Frontiers in Physiology 12:633589. (IF : 4,81)
Deley G, Cometti C, Paizis C, Babault N (2021) Effects of Light Pedaling Added to Contrast Water Immersion for Recovery after Exhaustive Exercise. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18(24):13068. (IF : 2,85)
Pinto Damo NL, Modesto KA, Neto IV de S, Bottaro M, Babault N, Durigan JLQ (2021) Effects of different electrical stimulation currents and phase durations on submaximal and maximum torque, efficiency, and discomfort: a randomized crossover trial. Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy. 25(5):593-600. (IF : 3,29)
Silva PE, Durigan JLQ, Babault N (2021) Bedside voluntary and evoked forces evaluation in intensive care unit patients, not only force evaluation: a letter to the Editor. Critical Care25(1):233. (IF : 9,37)
Vieira DCL, Opplert J, Babault N (2021) Acute effects of dynamic stretching on neuromechanical properties: an interaction between stretching, contraction, and movement. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 121(3):957-967 (IF : 3,47)
Modesto KAG, De Oliveira PFA, Fonseca HG, Azevedo KP, Guzzoni V, Bottaro MF, Babault N, Durigan JLQ (2020) Russian and Low-Frequency Currents Training Programs Induced Neuromuscular Adaptations in Soccer Players: Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation 1–25. (IF : 1.93)
Opplert J, Paizis C, Papitsa A, Blazevich AJ, Cometti C, Babault N (2020) Static Stretch and Dynamic Muscle Activity Induce Acute Similar Increase in Corticospinal Excitability. Plos One 15(3):e0230388. (IF : 3.2)
Blazevich AJ, Babault N (2019) Post-activation Potentiation Versus Post-activation Performance Enhancement in Humans: Historical Perspective, Underlying Mechanisms, and Current Issues. Frontiers in Physiology 10:1359. (IF : 3,38)
Castro J, Livino de Carvalho K, Silva PE, Fachin-Martins E, Babault N, Marqueti R de C, Durigan JLQ(2019) Intra- and inter-rater reproducibility of ultrasound imaging of patellar and quadriceps tendons in critically ill patients. Plos One14:e0219057. (IF : 1,95)
Cimadoro G, Mahaffey R, Babault N (2019) Acute neuromuscular responses to short and long roundhouse kick striking paces in professional Muay Thai fighters. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 59:204–9. (IF : 1,43)
De Araujo AET, Silva PE, Carvalho KL, Fachin-Martins E, Babault N, Durigan JLQ (2019) Intra- and inter-raters reliability and agreement of stimulus electrodiagnostic tests with two different electrodes in sedated critically ill patients. Physiotherapy Theory and Practice 36(12):1447-1456 (IF : 1,63)
Fortier Guillaume J, Laroche D, Babault N (2019) Kinematics and electromyographic activity of horse riders during various cross-country jumps in equestrian. Sports Biomech 20(6):680-692 (IF : 2.02)
Opplert J, Babault N (2019) Acute Effects of Dynamic Stretching on Mechanical Properties Result From both Muscle-Tendon Stretching and Muscle Warm-Up. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine 18:351–8. (IF : 1,77)
Silva PE, Marqueti R, de Carvalho KL, Tavares de Araujo AE, Castro J, da Silva VM, Vieira L, Souza, VC, Dantas LO, Cipriano Junior G, Nóbrega OT, Babault N, Durigan JLQ (2019) Neuromuscular electrical stimulation in critically ill traumatic brain injury patients attenuates muscle atrophy, neurophysiological disorders, and weakness: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of intensive care7: 59. (IF : 31)
Babault N, Poisson M, Cimadoro G, Cometti C, Paizis C (2018) Performance determinants of fixed gear cycling during criteriums. European Journal of Sport Science 18:1199–207. (IF : 2.376)
Cometti C, Paizis C, Casteleira A, Pons G, Babault N (2018) Effects of mixed reality head-mounted glasses during 90 minutes of mental and manual tasks on cognitive and physiological functions. PeerJ 6:e5847. (IF : 2,35)
Oliveira PFA, Modesto KAG, Bottaro M, Babault N, Durigan JLQ (2018) Training Effects of Alternated and Pulsed Currents on the Quadriceps Muscles of Athletes. International Journal of Sports Medicine 39:535–40. (IF : 2,13)
Oliveira PFA, Durigan JLQ, Modesto KAG, Bottaro M, Babault N (2018) Neuromuscular fatigue after low and medium frequency electrical stimulation in healthy adults. Muscle Nerve 58:293-299. (IF : 2,39)
Opplert J, Babault N (2018) The acute effects of dynamic stretching on muscle flexibility and performance: an analysis of the current literature. Sports Medicine 48(2): 299-325. (IF : 7,58)
Silva PE, Maldaner V, Vieira L, de Carvalho KL, Gomes H, Melo P, Babault N, Cipriano G, Durigan JLQ (2018) Neuromuscularelectrophysiological disorders and muscle atrophy in mechanically-ventilated traumatic brain injury patients: New insights from a prospective observational study. Journal of Critical Care 44:87-94 (IF : 2,78)
Siqueira AF, Vieira A, Bottaro M, Ferreira-Júnior JB, Nóbrega O de T, de Souza VC, Marqueti R de C, Babault N, Durigan JLQ (2018) Multiple Cold-Water Immersions Attenuate Muscle Damage but not Alter Systemic Inflammation and Muscle Function Recovery: A Parallel Randomized Controlled Trial. Scientific Reports 8(1):10961. (IF : 4)
Bouvier T, Opplert J, Cometti C, Babault N (2017) Acute effects of static stretching on muscle-tendon mechanics of quadriceps and plantar flexor muscles. European Journal of Applied Physiology 117(7):1309-1315. (IF : 2.40)
Carvalho KL, Silva PE, Castro J, Babault N, Durigan JLQ, Marqueti RC (2017) Height, weight and age predict quadriceps tendon length and thickness in skeletally immature patients: Letter to the editor. The American Journal of Sports Medicine 45(9):NP26. (IF : 6.06)
Deley G, Denuziller J, Casillas JM, Babault N(2017) One year of training with FES has impressive beneficial effects in a 36-year-old woman with spinal cord injury. Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine 40:107–12. (IF : 1.88)
Deley G, Guillemet D, Allaert FA, Babault N (2017) An Acute Dose of Specific Grape and Apple Polyphenols Improves Endurance Performance: A Randomized, Crossover, Double-Blind versus Placebo Controlled Study. Nutrients 9(8):917 (IF : 4.20)
Fautrelle L, Kubicki A, Babault N, Paizis C (2017) Immediate effects of shoes inducing ankle-destabilization around Henke’s axis during challenging walking gaits: Gait kinematics and peroneal muscles activities. Gait and Posture 54:259–64. (IF : 2.27)
Medeiros FV, Bottaro M, Vieira A, Lucas TP, Modesto KA, Bo APL, Cipriano GJ, Babault N, Durigan JLQ (2017) Kilohertz and Low-Frequency Electrical Stimulation With the Same Pulse Duration Have Similar Efficiency for Inducing Isometric Knee Extension Torque and Discomfort. American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 96:388–94. (IF : 1.84)
Robineau J, Lacome M, Piscione J, Bigard X, Babault N (2017) Concurrent Training in Rugby Sevens: Effects of High-Intensity Interval Exercises. The International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance 12(3):336-344. (IF : 3.38)
Silva PE, Babault N, Mazullo JB, de Oliveira TP, Lemos BL, Carvalho VO, Durigan JLQ(2017) Safety and feasibility of a neuromuscular electrical stimulation chronaxie-based  protocol in critical ill patients: A prospective observational study. Journal of Critical Care 37:141–8. (IF : 2.87)
Cometti C, Babault N, Deley G (2016) Effects of Constant and Doublet Frequency Electrical Stimulation Patterns on Force Production of Knee Extensor Muscles. Plos One 11(5):e0155429. (IF : 2.81)
Opplert J, Genty JB, Babault N (2016) Do Stretch Durations Affect Muscle Mechanical and Neurophysiological Properties? International journal of sports medicine 37:673-679. (IF: 2.08)
Robineau J, Babault N, Piscione J, Lacome M, Bigard AX (2016) Specific Training Effects of Concurrent Aerobic and Strength Exercises Depend on Recovery Duration. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 30(3):672-83. (IF : 2.06)